The average lifespan of racing tires is only about 120 km, equivalent to a match. In racing, the type of tire used depends on the weather as well as the way the driver rides.
Many people when choosing motorcycle tires often choose the type of tire with many spikes to increase the ability to grip the road. However, if you have ever looked through the motorbike races, it can be seen that the drivers use non-spiked tires to compete. Why is this contradiction, spiky or prickly tire will have better grip?
First let’s find out the use of the grooves on common tires. In fact, the trenches absolutely do not help grip the road when driving in dry weather, but it also reduces the contact surface between the tires and the road.
Tread grooves only work when driving in the rain and slippery roads, helping to increase traction by turning water from the point of contact between tires and the road. In addition, all terrain vehicles will use special tires with very deep grooves to help increase the ability to grip the road when driving on rough terrain such as gravel, sand, etc.
Returning to the tires mounted on racing cars, the absence of tread grooves will help optimize the best possible grip on dry pavement. This allows the driver to run to his full potential without being too concerned about the grip of the tire.
In MotoGP racing, slick tire used in dry weather condition has up to 3 different options including hard (hard), medium (medium) and soft (soft) tires. Soft tires will help increase grip, but quickly reduce quality and vice versa, so riders need to carefully choose the type of tire to use for competition.
However, when competing in the rain, the riders were forced to switch to the wet tire, which has additional grooves to help turn the water. If you use this type of tire to compete when the road surface is dry, the tire quality will decrease very quickly.
Thus, in dry road conditions, the tire without spikes will grip the road better than the tire with spikes. In wet, sandy, or muddy conditions, the tread tire will be effective then make the car easier to control. The traction of the tire depends on other factors such as the soft-stiffness or the quality of the material that make up the tire. The more tread the tire, the more friction it wears and the faster it wears out.